How do you actually show custom posts/axioms graphically on the home page?

Hello,

Excuse my lacking knowledge, but how exactly do you use the wordpress custom posts/axiom feature (and plugin) to make a site like this: t j e k akasse.dk/ (put the letters together.

How do you go from having a custom post with some values to actually showing something like that? I need something very basic step by step please.

Thanks!